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HomeNanotechnologyCompositing with V2C MXene Nanosheets Enhances LIB Si Anode

Compositing with V2C MXene Nanosheets Enhances LIB Si Anode

Lithium-ion batteries with excessive vitality are being totally researched to be used in future electrical autos (EVs) and scalable vitality storage platforms. On account of its excessive capability in storing lithium (Li), silicon (Si) has been thought to be a doable anode possibility. Nonetheless, its price and cycle efficiency have to be improved to see additional use. 

Compositing with V2C MXene Nanosheets Enhances LIB Si Anode

Study: Enhancing Role of Structurally Integrated V2C MXene Nanosheets on Silicon Anode for Lithium Storage. Image Credit: petrmalinak/

A structural integration approach was reported in a study printed in the Journal of Alloys and Compounds for overcoming the main problems of inadequate capacity retention and sluggish kinetics during lithium (Li) storage in silicon anodes.

Areas of Improvement in Lithium-ion Batteries

Lithium-ion batteries have been extensively used as effective electrolytic systems for storing and converting energy in compact electrical devices and EVs. Nonetheless, enhancements to power and energy density, operational life, and quick charge capability are still needed.

As current graphitic anode materials have a limited Li storing capacity, producing silicon-based anodes with significantly higher Li storage capacities, as well as good reliability and cheap costs, is very important for cutting-edge high energy lithium-ion batteries.

Issues with Using Silicon Anodes in Lithium-Ion Batteries

When using the silicon anodes for Li storage, naturally low electric conductivities, significant volume changes, slow kinetics, and unsatisfactory cyclic stability must be overcome.

Many approaches have been studied to increase silicon-based anodes’ electrolytic capabilities, like the synthesis of Si/C composites, surface treatment, and nano-engineering of silicon particles.

MXenes, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), carbon nanofibers, and graphene-based materials have been used to incorporate silicon particles in order to create silicon-based compound anodes with improved performance.

Why Use MXenes?

MXenes have been shown to greatly increase the Li storing capacity for silicon-based anode materials.

Vanadium carbide (V2C), among the lightest substances in the MXene group, demonstrates distinct benefits of outstanding electrical conduction, mechanical robustness, and electrolytic pseudo-capacitive characteristics for energy applications. V2C is therefore a promising part of composite silicon particles for improved Li storing capabilities.

Like Ti3C2 MXenes, V2CTx MXene exhibits strong dispersion mobility on its surface for lithium ions. As V2CTx has a lower energy threshold than graphite and graphene, lithium ions disperse quickly on its surface, making it a suitable platform for silicon anodes.

Challenges Faced

The production of pristine V2C is difficult owing to its large formation energy requirements when removing the aluminum from the V2AlC MAX powder.

Nanoscale [email protected]3C2 MXene composite has a 188 mAh g-1 capability throughout 150 cycles, displaying insufficient price efficiency, which might be as a consequence of silicon nanoparticle (NP) restacking and hamper the suitable interplay amongst silicon NPs and Ti3C2 nanofilms.

Though the nanoscale [email protected] composite displays higher electrolytic conduct, the capability contribution of graphene is restricted by a gradual Li-ion transportation pace and poor oxidation discount response kinetics. Thus, preserving the structural integrity of the platform whereas guaranteeing homogeneous dispersion of silicon NPs stays an issue.

Outcomes of the Analysis

Predicated on the efficient fabrication of V2C nanofilms, a MXene-assisted [email protected]2C nanocomposite was investigated on this research. An environment friendly ultrasonication-aided strategy was used to deposit in-situ silicon NPs on V2C nanofilms.

By combining silicon NPs with V2C MXene nanofilms, the Li storing capability of the silicon anode was significantly improved.

The theoretical capability of the developed [email protected]2C anode is considerably larger than the capability of the pure Si anode. The synergistic impression of lithium-active silicon NPs and electrically conductive V2C MXene reinforcements in the direction of storing Li is the rationale behind the elevated cyclic stability and price efficiency of the composite anode.

Investigations demonstrated that the structural integrity of the V2C improves the delithiating process of lithiated LixSi alloys and will enhance the steadiness of the silicon-based anode construction as effectively, resulting in an enchancment within the price and cyclic conduct of the [email protected]2C composite anode.

The structural engineering strategy established on this research, counting on the content material of MXenes, might make use of silicon-based anodes doable for higher lithium-ion batteries.


Bashir, T., Li, X. et al. (2022). Enhancing Position of Structurally Built-in V2C MXene Nanosheets on Silicon Anode for Lithium Storage. Journal of Alloys and Compounds. Accessible at:

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